There are not many similar market situations to the one that we find ourselves in today. With such a dramatic fall in stock prices and rise in implied volatility, investors puzzle over how to act.
Options information can present some historical parallels that can help navigate this market. The 2008 Global Financial Crisis has some similarities: After the SPY IV 30 day hit 75% the market rallied and did not turn until the IV fell to 45%. In the current crash, SPY IV again hit 75% before rallying and today the IV is back to 45%. The question is: Will the 2008 history repeat.
If you think we are in for another down leg to this market. You can protect your long stock, index or ETF with a put spread collar. This is for an example only and not investment advice and meant to draw your attention to the put spread collar strategy and show an example.
In the market currently, with the SPY price around $260, an example September put spread collar:
- selling a call 10% out of the money, the $285 strike
- buying a put 10% below the stock price, the $235 strike put
- selling the $180 strike put
This package can be done for even money, no outlay of capital. Here is the payoff picture at September 18th, 2020:
Interpreting this chart, with the market down 30% you lose $300,000 with long SPY on a $1 million holding. In the put spread collar you lose $85,000. What you give up for this strategy is limiting your upside: with long SPY you make $300,000 if the price were to hit $340 and only $100,000 with a put spread collar.